General information about the Sverdlovsk region

The Sverdlovsk Region is a geographically extensive, economically highly developed constituent region of the Russian Federation. With a very high level of business, cultural and social activity, it is among those Russian regions with the brightest prospects for economic development.

 

Brief overview

  • Total land area – 194,300 sq km

  • Population – over 4.33 million people (90% are ethnic Russians; 84% are urban residents)

  • The regional capital is Ekaterinburg (land area: 495 sq km; population: 1.45 million people; straight line distance to Moscow: 1,667 km)

  • Other major cities: Nizhny Tagil (population: 357,300), Kamensk-Uralsky (171,500), and Pervouralsk (125,600)

  • Mineral resources – gold, platinum, asbestos, bauxite; mineral raw materials — iron, nickel, chrome, manganese and copper

  • The regional economy is based on mining and metals. Uranium enrichment, non-ferrous metal ore beneficiation and heavy engineering are also highly developed industries in the region.

  • The Sverdlovsk Region’s gross regional product (GRP) accounted for 2.2% of Russia’s overall GDP in 2016.

 

The Sverdlovsk Region today

  • Russia’s largest center of industrial production, accounting for fully 40% of the country’s total industrial output

  • Russia’s third-largest transportation hub (Europe and Asia’s most important transportation arteries traverse the region, which is also home to one of Russia’s busiest air traffic hubs)

  • One of Russia’s largest centers of education and scientific research

  • Leading venue for international conventions, trade fairs and exhibitions, and world-class sporting events

  • One of Russia’s most highly developed regions with an advanced economy and promising investment opportunities

 

The region’s major competitive advantages

  • solid economic growth that is above the Russia-wide average

  • favourable geographical location on the border between Europe and Asia

  • rich in mineral resources and raw materials

  • well-established, highly diversified industrial base

  • proximity to major foreign markets

  • high-volume domestic market

  • highly developed transport, energy and business infrastructure

  • advanced forms of industrial manufacturing (major holding structures, industrial clusters)

  • extensive small business sector

  • strong scientific research potential and a highly educated population

  • highly qualified labour resources

  • well-developed infrastructure for international and foreign economic activity

  • clearly articulated regional development strategy

  • strong investment potential and favourable investment climate

 

The Sverdlovsk Regional Administration

  • Evgeny Kuivashev, Governor of the Sverdlovsk Region

  • Alexey Orlov, First Deputy of the Governor of Sverdlovsk region

  • Vladimir Tungusov, First Deputy of the Governor of Sverdlovsk region

  • Andrey Sobolev, Minister of International and Foreign Economic Relations of the Sverdlovsk Region

 

The Sverdlovsk Region’s ranking among all Russian regions

  • Fourth place in wholesale sales turnover

  • Fifth place in retail sales turnover and volume of paid services provided to residents

  • Seventh place in volume of industrial goods shipped

  • Seventh place in volume of capital investment

  • Seventh place in number of housing units commissioned

 

The Sverdlovsk Region is the largest region in the Urals region. It is one of six Russian constituent regions that comprise the Urals Federal District. The region covers the central and northern parts of the Ural Mountains, and the western edge of the West Siberian Plain. It borders on the Perm Territory to the west, the Komi Republic to the northwest, the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District (Yugra) to the north, the Tyumen Region to the east, and the Kurgan Region, Chelyabinsk Region and Republic of Bashkortostan to the south.

 

Gross regional product

In 2015, the Sverdlovsk Region’s gross regional product (GRP) equaled RUB 1660 billion. In 2016, the Sverdlovsk Region’s gross regional product (GRP) estimated to be RUB 1899 billion. The region’s GRP accounted for 2.22% of Russia’s overall GDP.

The Sverdlovsk Region is one of Russia’s industrial powerhouses. The region accounts for nearly 100% of the country’s production of titanium, over one-third of its output of copper, rolling equipment and railroad freight cars, and over 20% of iron-based alloy and steel tube production. A distinctive feature of the Sverdlovsk Region’s industrial base is the high percentage of primary industries, including ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy (55.5%) and mechanical engineering (15.4%).

 

Diagram. Share of the Sverdlovsk Region in Russia’s overall industrial sector

 

Transport infrastructure

The Sverdlovsk Region enjoys a highly favourable geographical location in the heart of Eurasia, making it one of Russia’s key transit centers. The city of Ekaterinburg is one of the country’s largest transportation hubs.

Moreover, the Sverdlovsk Region has been actively developing its potential as a major international logistics hub. It is home to a territorial management center that handles international and regional connections and traffic flows, such as the main latitudinal corridor, an extension of International Transport Corridor No. 2, which runs from Berlin, Moscow and Nizhny Novgorod through Ekaterinburg to Beijing.

Sverdlovsk transport and logistics facilities:

 

  • Koltsovo International Airport and Hub

  • seven main railway lines of the Sverdlovsk Railway for cargo and passenger flows going to both Europe and Asia

  • six federal highways, including the “West East” international transportation corridor and a system of federal highways

  • 7 of international and regional level terminal and logistics facilities

 

Energy infrastructure

 The Sverdlovsk Region’s energy system, a part of the Urals United Energy Network, is one of the largest and oldest such networks in any Russian constituent region. The region’s energy supply system is profitable and regional power plants have a gross installed generating capacity of 9 416.9 MWt (as of 2015).

More than half (5456.5 MWt) of the regional energy system’s installed capacity is generated by two power plants, the Reftinsk GRES (3,800 MWt) and Sredneuralskaya GRES (1,656.5 MWt). Other large power plants include the Verkhnetagilskaya GRES (1,497 MWt), Beloyarskaya APS (600 MWt), Novo-Sverdlovsk HES (557 MWt) and Serovskaya GRES (538 MWt). The installed capacity of all regional industrial power stations equals approximately 470 MWt.

The electrical grid segment of the regional energy system is well developed and based on electrical grids with 0.4/10/35/110/220/500 kV of electric potential. Their overall length exceeded 67 000 km.

 

Labour resources and scientific potential

Population of the Sverdlovsk Region:

  • Total population: 4.3 million people 

  • Working age population: 2.6 million people

  • 84% of the region’s population lives in cities

  • One-fourth of the workforce is made up of young people in the 15-29 year old age bracket

 

The region is famous for its higher educational institutions. Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Ural State University of Economics, Ural State Mining University, Ural State Law Academy, Ural State Medical Academy, Ural State Academy of Architecture and Arts, Ural State Theatre Institute, and the M.P. Mussorgsky Ural State Conservatory are well known both in Russia and internationally.

 

As one of Russia’s most science and research-intensive regions, the Sverdlovsk Region is home to internationally acclaimed scientific schools and industry-specific research institutes. The region has extensive scientific, research and technological potential and boasts a deep talent pool. Urals region scientists work in research areas that are in the highest demand, including information and nano-technologies, power engineering and pharmaceutical drug development.

Around 21,000 people are engaged in research and development activities in the region, which is home to around two-thirds of all R&D organizations in the Urals Federal District, including:

        21 institutes of the Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (over 4,400 employees);

        32 leading universities with over 176,000 students;

        104 regional vocational educational and training institutions;

        51 industry-specific research and design institutes (over 11,000 employees).

 

International and foreign economic activities

The Sverdlovsk Region has a sufficiently diversified economic structure and high economic growth rates. Thus, it is heavily involved in international trade. Regional foreign trade turnover in 2016 reached USD 10,2 billion with USD 7,3 billion in exports and USD 2,9 billion in imports. The region has foreign economic relations with over 135 countries. The biggest cross-border transactions comes from USA, China, the Netherlands, Algeria and Kazakhstan

The Sverdlovsk Region mainly exports metals and metalware (45.4% of exports), engineering and chemical products (25.8% and 16.8% respectively). It mainly imports automobiles and equipment (36.1%), metals and chemical products (20.3% and 18.0%, respectively).

 

Diagram. Commodity composition of exports to all countries in 2016

 

Diagram. Commodity composition of imports from all countries in 2016

 

More information about the Sverdlovsk region, about the Government of the Sverdlovsk region and the list of companies and investment proposals you can find on the web site Government Sverdlovsk region (http://www.midural.ru) and investment portal of Sverdlovsk region (http://invest.midural.ru).